Malinois are used exclusively for tracking human suspects; to detect firearms and bullet casings and to perform the restraining function when detaining suspects requires force. Other functions such as road blocks and vehicle searches can be performed. Belgian Malinois dogs are trained to ignore all animal scents and track only human suspects. They are deployed to locate explosives, firearms and spent bullet casings, as well as the residual scents thereof.0824177199 All our dogs are trained in protection work and, classed as patrol dogs, they are capable of suspect apprehension should the need arise. Note that these dogs are specially trained to bite or apprehend a suspect only upon command and to detain that suspect with minimal force. Rest assured, we never command our dogs to bite unless it becomes a life-threatening situation and there is a real need for self-defense. As a result we are very strict in keeping both dogs disciplined while also remaining competent in this regard. Finally, upon arrival at a crime scene, dog handlers will not allow anybody close to their dogs and will request all other people present to please allow them a wide berth, thus enabling a dog to focus totally on the job at hand.
Weimeraners are used mostly to track animals, detect animal remains and snares by scenting, to locate wounded animals and occasionally assist wildlife vets and or scientists with their work. This breed can also be used for anti-poaching patrols and suspect restraint.
Whilst both breeds are classed as 'patrol dogs', their functions differ somewhat and often their individual skills and abilities compliment and assist each other in the field. For this reason, and depending upon the situation, two field rangers - each with a different dog breed – are sometimes deployed together.
Unless on ambush in a shady area or for short duration tracking and vehicle searches or riot control, dogs are not normally worked in the midday heat. One of the biggest advantages, of course, is that suspects can be successfully tracked at night. When two units work in tandem, the dog chosen to work the forward tracking position is determined by the given situation. At the rear, the other dog and handler act as backup; there to assist the front unit should a dangerous situation arise.